P. mirabilis causa el 90% de todas las infecciones por 'Proteus'.Proteus penneri Control Calidad SEIMC INFORME DE VIGILANCIA EPIDEMIOLGICA DE LAS INFECCIONES INTRAHOSPITALARIAS CHILE-2006 4. Infecciones urinarias Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria vol.15 supl.23 Madrid jun. 2013 5 Proteus mahadi ppt 1. Sharq Elneil CollegeSchool of Medical Laboratory Sciences Department of MicrobiologyMedical Bacteriology course Proteeae U.Mahadi Hassan Mahmoud Bsc, Msc, MIBMS Microbiology 2. Proteus 3. Proteus The sub-family include: Proteus. P.mirabilis P.vulgaris Morganella Proteus mirabilis is also the cause of urinary infections. Proteus mirabilis can adhere to the medical equipment such as urinary catheters and enter your body where they travel and reach your urinary system and cause an infection. In addition, your digestive system is a home of many microorganisms. Proteus mirabilis is one of those microorganisms Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Proteus mirabilis: Impact of Biofield Energy Treatment - The current study was attempted to investigate the effects of Mr. Trivedi's biofield treatment on P. mirabilis in lyophilized as well as revived state for antimicrobial susceptibility and biotype
Proteus mirabilis is a type of bacteria that can cause infections in the body, particularly urinary tract infections. In this lesson, learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for Proteus. Proteus mirabilis is well-known in clinical laboratories and microbiology survey courses as the species that swarms across agar surfaces, overtaking any other species present in the process. Urease production and robust swarming motility are the two hallmarks of this organism. This species can be identified as a Gram-negative rod that is motile, urease-positive, lactose-negative, indole. Proteus. Valeria Morales. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 29 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER
Proteus mirabilis gram negative, facultative anaerobe rod causes infections in human urinary tract (pyelonephritis, kidney stones) motile bacterium with peritrichous flagella and self identity. Identification and characterization of the genetic mechanism that is responsible for bacterial self identification View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Proteus PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Proteus PPT The Journal of Clinical Microbiology reported an outbreak of Proteus Mirabilis in a urology ward in Japan in 2001 but most of the 19 patients had long ter Proteeae Proteus P. Vulgaris P. Mirabilis P. Penneri P. Myxofaciens TRIBU GÉNERO ESPECIE Nunca ha sido identificado en el hombre Causan infecciones oportunistas en el hombre 5. Cultivo Crecen en medios corrientes y moderadamente selectivos a temperatura corporal de 37 ºC. Crecen formando capas diseminadas por virtud de su gran motilidad Proteus mirabilis, part of the Enterobacteriaceae family of bacilli, is a gram-negative, facultative anaerobe with an ability to ferment maltose and inability to ferment lactose. P. mirabilis also has swarming motility and the ability to self-elongate and secrete a polysaccharide when in contact with solid surfaces; this allows for attachment and easy motility along surfaces (e.g., medical.
1. Sharq Elneil CollegeSchool of Medical LaboratorySciences Department of MicrobiologyMedical Bacteriology courseProteeae U.Mahadi Hassan Mahmoud Bsc, Msc, MIBMS Microbiolog Proteus products are used in virtually every semiconductor fab around the world. Furthermore, Proteus offer a wide range of rugged and sensitive flow sensing and control instruments for the solar, medical, automotive and other industries. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download Proteus mirabilis UTI. Proteus mirabilis is a Gram-negative, facultative anaerobe bacilli, part of the Enterobacteriaceae family, with an ability to ferment maltose and inability to ferment lactose 1).Proteus mirabilis is well-known in clinical laboratories and microbiology survey courses as the species that swarms across agar surfaces, overtaking any other species present in the process MICROBIOLOGY. Proteus is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae family. The genus of Proteus consists of motile, aerobic and facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative rods.Proteus is a member of the tribe Proteeae, which also includes Morganella and Providencia.The genus Proteus currently consists of five named species: P. mirabilis, P. vulgaris, P. penneri, P. myxofaciens and P. hauseri and three. Proteus mirabilis is a frequent cause of these infections in individuals with abnormal urinary tracts or using indwelling catheters (CAUTIs). Since most research on non-E. coli uropathogens has been conducted on P. mirabilis, this organism serves a model of pathogenesis for these types of infections
Introduction. Proteus mirabilis is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae family and is a highly motile bacterium. 1 Unlike the other members of Enterobacteriaceae, P. mirabilis is not a common pathogen that causes urinary tract infections (UTIs) in normal hosts.2, 3 In contrast, P. mirabilis is isolated relatively frequently in complicated UTIs, such as those that present in patients with. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Proteus Syndrome PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Proteus Syndrome PPT
Proteus mirabilis Růst kolonie Pohyb Diferenciace buněk Regulace Kooperace buněk Kolonie Solidní střed Povlak Konsolidovaná zóna Terasy Kolonie - terasy Cyklus diferenciace R.Belas, University of Maryland Dynamika růstu kolonie Diferenciace buněk Vlastnosti buněk Způsob šíření Okraj kolonie Okraj kolonie Okraj kolonie Pohyb v přípravné fázi Pohyb v přípravné fázi Pohyb v. Proteus mirabilis is a Gram-negative, motile, non-capsulated, facultative anaerobic, non-lactose fermenting and pleomorphic bacillus in the genus Proteus and family Enterobacteriaceae.P. mirabilis is mostly found in the environment (soil and water) and the human colon.Proteus species are common in slow-moving and still-freshwater habitats.They can also be found underneath floating leaves on. Proteus mirabilis. Description and significance. Proteus mirabilis was first discovered by a German pathologist named Gustav Hauser (Williams and Schwarzhoff, 1978). Hauser named this genus Proteus, after the character in Homer's The Odyssey that was good at changing shape and evading being questioned (Williams and Schwarzhoff, 1978), a name that seems apt given this organism's uncanny.
Proteus mirabilis es una bacteria Gram negativa del orden Enterobacteriales que puede vivir tanto en presencia como en ausencia de oxígeno (anaerobia facultativa). Es común en el suelo, agua, en materiales con contaminación fecal, y en el tracto digestivo de animales vertebrados, incluyendo seres humanos Proteus mirabilis عبارة عن بكتيريا سالبة الجرام من مرض Enterobacteriales الذي يمكن أن يعيش في وجود وفي غياب الأكسجين (اللاهوائي الاختياري). وهو شائع في التربة والمياه وفي المواد الملوثة بالبراز وفي الجهاز الهضمي لحيوانات الفقاريات. first and foremost the most identifications of test for proteus spp by urease test ,PPA The socond biochemical test indole the are defrenciate to p. Mirabilis from p vulgaris. If indole positve_ P.vllulgaris if negative - P.mirabilis. Repl
Proteus mirabilis er en gramnegativ bakterie af ordren Enterobacteriales, der kan leve både i nærværelse og i fravær af ilt (fakultativ anaerobe). Det er almindeligt i jord, vand, i materialer med fækal kontaminering, og i fordøjelseskanalen hos hvirveldyr, herunder mennesker Proteus mirabilis is frequently found in soil and wastewater, because it decomposes organic matter. The germ's optimum temperature (its ideal growth temperature) is between 34 and 37 degrees Celsius, which makes the human organism the ideal host. In recent years, this pathogen has increasingly developed resistance to common antibiotics. Proteus mirabilis is a gram-negative facultative anaerobe with swarming motility and an ability to self-elongate and secrete a polysaccharide which allows it to attach to and move along surfaces like catheters, intravenous lines, and other medical equipment. The most definitive form of evaluation for an acute P. mirabilis infection is a culture
. Muestra aglutinacin, motilidad, y actividad ureasa. P. mirabilis causa el 90% de todas las infecciones por 'Proteus'. Viene de la Tribu Proteae. Diagnostico Una muestra de orina alcalina es un posible signo de P. mirabilis. P. mirabilis puede diagnosticarse en el. Mycotic (infected) aneurysm involving the thoracic aorta is an exceedingly rare and life-threatening condition that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We report an unusual source of Proteus mirabilis bacteraemia thought to be due to an infected aneurysm in the thoracic aortic arch in an elderly woman. Source of gram-negative bacteraemia is usually isolated to an intra-abdominal.
Bacteria from the Proteus genus are ciliated, gram-negative rod shaped. It is the member of family Enterobacteriaceae. They were first characterized by Hauser in 1885. Currently, genus Proteus consists of five species: P. mirabilis, P. vulgaris, P. penneri, P. hauseri, and P. myxofaciens These antibiotics are active against the majority of strains of Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella, Shigella, and Haemophilus influenzae. While a large percentage of encapsulated may be indicated for oral therapy of resistant urinary tract infections ; the usual dose is one or two tablets (382 mg each) four times a day •Proteus mirabilis is a bacterium called queen of infections, due to how annoying and resistant it can become in the body. However, it coexists naturally in our organism, forming part of the digestive flora. •This bacterium is known because it has caused the abuse of drug proteus mirabilis - UpToDate. Showing results for proteus mirabilis. Bacterial adherence and other virulence factors for urinary tract infection. View in Chinese. consider the role of bacterial adhesion as a virulence determinant of Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis, the two most common strains responsible for urinary tract infection (UTI)
this lectures for 3rd year student medical laboratory sciences ,sharq Elniel colleg Proteus spp. are opportunistic pathogens, commonly responsible for urinary and septic infections in humans, often nosocomial ( Jacobsen et al., 2008 ). Proteus spp. occasionally cause disease in livestock and poultry; the species of veterinary significance are Proteus mirabilis and Proteus vulgaris. Proteus mirabilis Proteus mirabilis is an opportunistic pathogen that can cause urinary tract infection in human beings. The accurate and rapid identification and quantification of P. mirabilis is necessary for early treatment. In this study, a pair of specific primers according to the conserved ureR sequence of P. mirabilis was designed and novel systems which consisted of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and. . The plate was inoculated with P. mirabilis culture of 10 4 CFU spread evenly and a well was punctured and filled with 20 μg/mL functionalized AgNP solution (the highest concentration used in above antimicrobial studies. The link between Proteus mirabilis, environmental factors and autoantibodies in rheumatoid arthritis.Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2017 May 8. Researchers point to Proteus mirabilis as being a major microbial cause of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as evidenced by the role this infection plays in autoantibody production commonly associated with RA, such as rheumatoid factors (RF) and anti-citrullinated.
Proteus spp were significantly more prevalent and abundant in fecal samples and colonic tissue of patients with CD than controls. A greater abundance of the genus Fusobacterium and a lesser abundance of the genus Faecalibacterium were seen in patients with CD with a high Proteus spp abundance. All 24 Proteus monoclones isolated from patients with CD belonged to members of P mirabilis lineages. Proteus: This is an unusual cause of wound infection, and is often a contaminant in cultures because of its ability to overgrow other bacteria. It is unlikely Read More. 90,000 U.S. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more. Get help now Introduction. The opportunistic pathogen Proteus mirabilis is a common cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) and can significantly complicate the care of patients undergoing long-term urethral catheterization (Mobley, 1996; Stickler, 2008, 2014). P. mirabilis infection often leads to encrustation and blockage of catheters in these individuals, which if unnoticed, can.
Sequence accession description Seq. accession number Sequence length (bp) Sequence database Associated NCBI tax ID [Ref.: #20218] Proteus mirabilis strain ATCC 29906 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequenc Introduction. Proteus mirabilis, an organism that is often considered to be implicated in contamination and colonization, is occasionally isolated in severe infections. 1 In hospitals it is the second most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae species after Escherichia coli. 2 Wild-type isolates of this species are susceptible to β-lactams. Acquired resistance is usually enzyme mediated and. This detailed volume explores essential protocols for the study of Proteus mirabilis which, despite its genetic relatedness to species such as E. coli, often requires specialized handling techniques.This opportunistic bacterial pathogen, most often known as a causative agent of complicated urinary tract infection, is addressed in chapters from global experts in the field Jak leczy się zakażenia proteus mirabilis? Lekarz wyjaśnia, jak wygląda leczenia proteus mirabilis; Jak leczy się zakażenia proteus mirabilis? Dzień dobry, od kilku dni zmagam się z okropnym bólem w okolicy dolnej części brzucha, bólem i pieczeniem podczas oddawania moczu. Ponadto bardzo często muszę korzystać z toalety. . Member of the Proteus genus (Proteus spp.) which also includes Proteus mirabilis, Proteus penneri and Proteus hauseri, originally characterize by their ability to swarm on solid surfaces, are widespread in the environment and the gastrointestinal tract of human and animals and known to be an.
PATHOGEN SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT. NAME: Proteus spp. (human pathogens include P. mirabilis, P. vulgaris, P. penneri, and P. hauseri). SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Sometimes referred as members of the Proteeae tribe Footnote 1.Former species of genus Proteus now homotypic synonyms with other species: P. inconstans with Providencia alcalifaciens, P. Proteus mirabilis chromosome: 4,099,900 bp; 3685 predicted ORFs (Pearson et al. 2008). Plasmid pHI4320: 36,289 bp; 55 predicted ORF Name: Proteus mirabilis Hauser 1885 (Approved Lists 1980) Category: Species Proposed as: sp. nov. Etymology: mi.ra'bi.lis. L. masc./fem. adj. mirabilis, wonderful. Bacterial isolate. Proteus mirabilis strain SCDR1 was isolated from a diabetic ulcer patient in the diabetic foot unit at the University Diabetes Center, King Saud University.P. mirabilis SCDR1 was the first nanosilver resistant isolate to be collected from a diabetic patient's polyclonal infection. A Proper wound swab was obtained from the patient and was sent for further microbiological. Proteus mirabilis es un bacilo gram negativo, facultativamente anaeróbico. Muestra aglutinación, motilidad, y actividad ureasa. P. mirabilis causa el 90% de todas las infecciones por 'Proteus'. Viene de la Tribu Proteae. Diagnóstico. Una muestra de orina alcalina es un posible signo.
Dr. Larry Lutwick answered. 49 years experience Infectious Disease. Common: Proteus mirabilis is often found as a cause of urinary tract infection. Because the bug produces a urease enzyme, the urea in the urine is metabolize Read More. 1 doctor agrees. 0. 0 comment. 1 Proteus mirabilis is a communal reason of upper urinary tract infections that can include invasion urothelial of host cells (Jen liaw et al., 2000). Fig (1-1): Gram stain of Proteus mirabilis. Chapter One Introduction and Literature review. On blood agar • Proteus mirabilis does not form distinctive colonies on Blood Agar, instead the bacteria swarm across the surface of the agar. • P. mirabilis produces a very distinct fishy odour. 10. • Discontinuous swarming produces concentric circles around the point of inoculation. 11. • Continuous swarming produces a uniform film. 12
Proteus are a natural part of the intestinal flora of healthy individuals. In addition, they are found as rot pathogens in soil and water. The diseases caused by them are mostly urinary tract infections, rare systemic infections such as sepsis, endocarditis or meningitis. Proteus mirabilis isolated far more common than Proteus vulgaris Proteus mirabilis is part of the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is a small gram-negative Rod, and a facultative anaerobe, lastly, it is a Prokaryote. Furthermore, Proteus mirabilis is characterized by its swarming motility, its ability to ferment maltose, and its inability to ferment lactose. P. mirabilis has the ability to elongate itself and.
. Proteus mirabilis is een soort bacterie die kan worden gevonden in water, bodem en je darmkanaal . Als onderdeel van de normale bacteriën die in de darmen , Proteus mirabilis helpt bij het verteringsproces . Echter , wanneer het wordt verspreid in de urinewegen , kan infectie Proteus mirabilis merupakan salah satu bakteri gram negatif dan termasuk famili enterobactericea (Anonim 2013) yang dapat mengkontaminasi daging ayam. Kontaminasi dapat terjadi pada waktu ayam masih hidup di suatu peternakan, selama proses transportasi, di Rumah Potong Unggas (RPU), dan di tempat penjualan daging ayam di pasar..
Proteus mirabilis - вид грамотрицательных, споронеобразующих, факультативно-анаэробных бактерий. Proteus mirabilis é uma bactéria Gram-negativa da ordem Enterobacteriana que pode viver tanto na presença quanto na ausência de oxigênio (anaeróbio facultativo). É comum no solo, na água, em materiais contaminados pelas fezes e no trato digestivo de animais vertebrados, incluindo seres humanos.. Essa bactéria geralmente tem formato de cana, mas é um organismo dimórfico que possui. Proteus mirabilis strain DSM 4479 (NCTC 11938) was used throughout the study. LB medium was made with 10 g tryptone (Fisher Scientific), 5 g NaCl (Fisher Scientific) and 5 g yeast extract (Acros Organics) in 1 L dH 2 O, autoclaved for 20 minutes at 121 ˚C. Stock cultures were obtained by inoculating 10 mL of sterile LB medium and incubating.
Endimiani A, Luzzaro F, Brigante G, et al. Proteus mirabilis bloodstream infections: risk factors and treatment outcome related to the expression of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. Antimicrob. Hello, Welcome to HCM. It is a part of normal bacteria in body. When immunity down, it causes urinary infection . Proteus mirabilis infections can be treated with broad-spectrum penicillins or.. by Rhea Suvarna. Introduction. Proteus mirabilis is commonly the causative agent of complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), UTIs associated with components that compromises the urinary tract or host defense, especially in individuals with functional or structural abnormalities or with long-term catheterization for patients whose bladders will not empty fully or empty at inappropriate times Proteus mirabilis. Hauser. BAA-2792 ™. Download Genome Learn about our Enhanced Authentication Initiative. This strain is part of the Global Priority Superbugs collection. It is an extensively characterized antimicrobial-resistant clinical isolate with validated genotypic and phenotypic activity against a variety of drug classes
Proteus mirabilis is part of the normal flora of the human gastrointestinal tract, and has been found in mice with immune dysfunction, where it has been shown to cause sepsis. It can also be found free-living in water and soil. However, when this organism enters the body through the urinary tract, wounds, or the lungs it can become pathogenic 4) UPEC and Proteus were added to bladder cells in co-competition for 3 hours and then stained with Trypan Blue to observe theintegrity of bladder cells after infection (Figure 6). Results • UPEC attached to the bladder cells (Figure 5B) modelling UTI, but Proteus mirabilis did not attach to the human cells (Figure 5C) Proteus mirabilis is well known in clinical laboratories and microbiology survey courses as the species that swarms across agar surfaces, overtaking any other species present in the process. Urease production and robust swarming motility are the two hallmarks of this organism. This species can be identified as a Gram-negative rod that is motile, urease-positive, lactose-negative, indole. Als Proteus mirabilis ist eine Bakterienart der Ordnung Enterobacteriales und der Familie Proteobacteria bekannt, die fakultativ anaerob lebt und im menschlichen Darm als Proteinzersetzer vorkommt. Als Erreger können Bakterien dieser Spezies vor allem Patienten mit einem geschwächten Immunsystem angreifen. Sie sind dann häufig an chronischen Harnwegsinfektionen mit der anschließenden.
Proteus Mirabilis is a motile bacterium that exists freely in water and soil; it may also be said to be a parasite that colonizes the human urinary tract. It exists in flagella or rod form as a gram-negative bacterium that displays uropathogenic virulence. Proteus Mirabilis is known to persist and live in people due to its unique virulence factors What antibiotics are used to treat Proteus mirabilis? The most appropriate treatment for P. mirabilis may be aminoglycosides, carbapenems (except imipenem), and 3rd generation cephalosporins Proteus infection accounts for 1%-2% of UTIs in healthy women and 5% of hospital-acquired UTIs. How do you get Proteus bacteria? mirabilis include female sex, longer duration of catheterization, improper catheter cleaning or care, underlying illness, and lack of availability of systemic antibiotics Proteus mirabilis DNA than those treated with Candida albicans DNA. Total white blood cell count has been assessed, Animal model treated with 30µg/100 µl P. mirabilis DNA showed a significant (P< 0.05) increasing in total count of WBC, while there were insignificant differences between animals treated with 30µg/100 µl.
A gene of the bacterium Proteus mirabilis that causes urinary tract infections was in 1995 named zapA by three biologists from Maryland. Frank Zappa-Wikipedia. Although the majority of species can produce tendrils when swarming, some species like Proteus mirabilis do form concentric circles motif instead of dendritic patterns If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. - cloacae Proteus mirabilis Proteus vulgaris Morganella morganii Providencia rettgeri Providencia stuartii Vibrio Vibrio parahemolyticusPhenotyping and Genotyping Characterization of Proteus vulgaris After Biofield Treatment - The current study was attempted to.
Proteus is a genus of Gram-negative Proteobacteria. Proteus bacilli are widely distributed in nature as saprophytes, being found in decomposing animal matter, sewage, manure soil, the mammalian intestine, and human and animal feces. They are opportunistic pathogens, commonly responsible for urinary and septic infections, often nosocomial.. The term Proteus signifies changeability of form, as. Proteus mirabilis Bakterien können Wundinfektionen, Infektionen der unteren Atemwege und Harnwegsinfektionen verursachen, seltener Sepsis und Durchfallerkrankungen. Desinfektionsmittelwirksamkeit zur Prävention. Das benötigte Wirkspektrum gegen Proteus mirabilis ist: bakterizid. Vorbeugung von Krankenhausinfektione Lek. Aleksandra Witkowska Lekarz medycyny rodzinnej , Warszawa. Leki te podaje się pozajelitowo, więc w domu niestety nie. Tylko iv, im. Nasi lekarze odpowiedzieli już na kilka podobnych pytań innych użytkowników. Leczenie zakażenia bakterią Proteus mirabilis przed ciążą - odpowiada Lek
Proteus mirabilis was again cultured from sputum on November 5 and 9. The patient spiked a temperature of 103°F (39.4°C) on Nov 18, 1981, and urine grew E coli and P mirabilis . She was treated with cefamandole (organisms reported sensitive) from November 19 to 26 and defervesced over several days Note: Proteus is placed under Enterobacteriaceae by BioLib & Catalogue of Life & ITIS & WoRMS and under Morganellaceae by LPSN & NCBI. (Retrieved on 19 March 2018) BioLib link: Proteus Hauser, 1885; Catalogue of Life link: Proteus (Genus Proteus is an ambiguous taxon) ITIS link: Proteus Hauser, 1885 ; LPSN link : Proteus Hauser 188 Nosocomial infections P. mirabilis causes 90% of Proteus infections. P. vulgaris and P. penneri are easily isolated from The term Proteus signifies changeability of form, as personified in the Homeric poems in Proteus, the old man of the sea, whoProteus vulgaris is a rod-shaped, nitrate-reducing, indole+ and catalase-positive, hydrogen sulfide-producing, Gram-negative. Proteus mirabilis.—Cocci -4 ju to -9 M' They occur singly and in zoogloea, and sometimes in tetrads, pairs, chains, or as short rods in twos resembling Bacterium termo— concen Science Photo of bacteria Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogenic yeast that is a common member of the human gut flora. An amusing face escherichia cartoon.
Proteus mirabilis rods are one of the most commonly isolated species of the Proteus genus from human infections, mainly those from the urinary tract and wounds. They are often related to biofilm. Mutations associated with fluoroquinolone resistance in clinical isolates of Proteus mirabilis were determined by genetic analysis of the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of gyrA, gyrB, parC, and parE. This study included the P. mirabilis type strain ATCC 29906 and 29 clinical isolates with reduced susceptibility (MIC, 0.5 to 2. Introduzione. Al genere Proteus appartengono tre specie di elevato interesse patologico: Proteus penneri, Proteus mirabilis e Proteus vulgaris; questi batteri sono coinvolti in svariate infezioni, soprattutto di natura nocosomiale ed a carico delle vie urinarie.. Descrizione microbiologica. I microorganismi del genere Proteus sono membri della famiglia Enterobacteriaceae: si tratta di batteri.